Monitoring safety and security in nuclear installations (vol 2)
In progress from 03-01-1999 to 23-03-1999
Project manager: Claude BIRRAUX, deputy
Energy technology, Environment, Expert-based, Governance, Parliament involvement, Risk
This year the report on the safety and security of nuclear installations presented by Claude Birraux consists of a self-examination of the role of a parliamentary body. Since 1990, eight reports have been published, totalling 15 volumes and 4587 pages, and setting out 118 proposals. By this means the Parliamentary Office has looked into every question affecting nuclear safety and security.
The report presented today is based upon answers to the recommendations of the Parliamentary Office, consciously trying to avoid merely setting out lists, and it identifies the prospects for improvements and greater thoroughness.
Of the 118 proposals drawn up by Claude Birraux since 1990, 73 have been or are being put into effect.
It would be presumptuous and even stupid to claim that any positive decisions would stem solely from the determination of OPECST (the Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Choices), because the decision-making processes of the state are complex. Not withstanding this, the interventions by the Office have contributed to decisions that are favourable to safety : the creation of the DSIN, the conversion of the SCPRI into the OPRI, the radiation protection bureau in the DGS, the radiological protection and medical monitoring of temporary workers, guidance for research into incineration, and the Rubbia project.
Even when the recommendations of the Office have not been taken up, as for those concerning the countries of central and eastern Europe, the relevance and fairness of the analyses done have been confirmed by events. The criticisms made by the European Board of Auditors in 1998 were already set out in the 1992 OPECST report.