A transition to a more eco-efficient transport system is needed to cope with recent challenges and with the anticipated future developments in the transport sector. This statement is the point of departure of the project Eco-efficient Transport that is commissioned by the Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) Panel of the European Parliament. The Danish Board of Technology participates in phase 4 of the project.
The overall aim of the project Eco-efficient Transport is to highlight and assess the potentials of already established, emerging, and more visionary technologies and concepts that can lead to a more eco-efficient transport system. The project is divided into four phases, and it draws on a number of different methods. In collaboration with the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), the Danish Board of Technology is responsible for planning and conducting a consultation of European stakeholders in Brussels in January 2013. Besides stakeholders, politicians from the European Parliament will be present.
The consultation will be carried out as a combination of a questionnaire and a workshop, and its overall purpose is to discuss the feasibility and the desirability of potential eco-efficient approaches in the European transport sector. This includes an assessment of the presuppositions, barriers, and effects of innovative technical and organizational approaches.
The project conceptualises eco-efficient transport as all approaches that help to reduce the ecological footprint of transport-related activities. Basically, those approaches supporting eco-efficient transport correspond with one or more of the following three strategies:
– Making transport modes cleaner
– Changing the modal split
– Reducing transport volumes
So far, these strategies have served as a point of departure for assessing the potentials of eco-efficient technologies and concepts, and designing scenarios for eco-efficient transport futures. In this phase, they will be used as an overall frame for discussing eco-efficiency with stakeholders. The aim of the consultation is to get a better understanding of the perceptions and attitudes of stakeholders, and provide a picture of what consequences stakeholders are prepared to accept for obtaining an eco-efficient transport sector. Together with the results from previous phases, the outcomes of the consultation will be collected and discussed in a final report that will be presented to the European Parliament.